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a) If weights are initialized with very high values the term np. dot(W,X)+b becomes significantly higher and if an activation function like sigmoid() is applied, the function maps its value near to 1 where the slope of gradient changes slowly and learning takes a lot of time.

## What’s the effect of initialization on a neural network?

Each time, a neural network is initialized with a different set of weights, resulting in a different starting point for the optimization process, and potentially resulting in a different final set of weights with different performance characteristics.

## Why is weight initialization important in neural networks?

The aim of weight initialization is to prevent layer activation outputs from exploding or vanishing during the course of a forward pass through a deep neural network. … Matrix multiplication is the essential math operation of a neural network.

## What will happen if we initialize all the weights to 1 in neural networks?

E.g. if all weights are initialized to 1, each unit gets signal equal to sum of inputs (and outputs sigmoid(sum(inputs)) ). If all weights are zeros, which is even worse, every hidden unit will get zero signal. No matter what was the input – if all weights are the same, all units in hidden layer will be the same too.

## What is the impact of weight in an artificial neural network?

In Neural network, some inputs are provided to an artificial neuron, and with each input a weight is associated. Weight increases the steepness of activation function. This means weight decide how fast the activation function will trigger whereas bias is used to delay the triggering of the activation function.

## How are weights initialized in neural network?

Step-1: Initialization of Neural Network: Initialize weights and biases. Step-2: Forward propagation: Using the given input X, weights W, and biases b, for every layer we compute a linear combination of inputs and weights (Z)and then apply activation function to linear combination (A).

## What happens if you initialize the weights of a neural network to zero?

Initializing all the weights with zeros leads the neurons to learn the same features during training. … Thus, both neurons will evolve symmetrically throughout training, effectively preventing different neurons from learning different things.

## What is the effect of high learning rate in backpropagation learning?

Large Learning rate overshoot ,become unstable and diverge. If you set the learning rate too large,you can actually overshoot completely and diverge which is more undesirable.So setting the learning rate in practice can be quite challenging.

## Why is a good weight initialization required?

The weights of artificial neural networks must be initialized to small random numbers. This is because this is an expectation of the stochastic optimization algorithm used to train the model, called stochastic gradient descent.

## What is the purpose of he initialization?

Kaiming Initialization, or He Initialization, is an initialization method for neural networks that takes into account the non-linearity of activation functions, such as ReLU activations. That is, a zero-centered Gaussian with standard deviation of 2 / n l (variance shown in equation above). Biases are initialized at .

## What will happen if we set all the weights to zero instead of random weight initialization in NN for a classification task?

When there is no change in the Output, there is no gradient and hence no direction. Main problem with initialization of all weights to zero mathematically leads to either the neuron values are zero (for multi layers) or the delta would be zero.

## Why is it important to Normalise data and initialise the weights well for the training to work properly?

A network with improper weight initialization can make the entire learning process tedious and time-consuming. Therefore, to achieve better optimization, faster convergence, and feasible learning process weight initialization is very crucial.

## Which of the following guidelines is applicable to initialization of the weight vector in a fully connected neural network?

1. Which of the following guidelines is applicable to initialization of the weight vector in a fully connected neural network. If we initialize all the weights to zero, the neural network will train but all the neurons will learn the same features during training.

## What is weight matrix in neural network?

The dimensions of the weights matrix between two layers is determined by the sizes of the two layers it connects. There is one weight for every input-to-neuron connection between the layers. … Zh takes the rows of in the inputs matrix and the columns of weights matrix. We then add the hidden layer bias matrix Bh.

## What is the importance of bias in neural network?

Bias allows you to shift the activation function by adding a constant (i.e. the given bias) to the input. Bias in Neural Networks can be thought of as analogous to the role of a constant in a linear function, whereby the line is effectively transposed by the constant value.

## Why bias is important in neural network?

Bias is like the intercept added in a linear equation. It is an additional parameter in the Neural Network which is used to adjust the output along with the weighted sum of the inputs to the neuron. Thus, Bias is a constant which helps the model in a way that it can fit best for the given data.